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Appendix Details of the proposed new convention based on accepted evidence-based clinical guidelines asserting the rights of pregnant women and girls and their newborn infants

Articles 1 and 2

Article 1

1. For the purposes of this proposed draft convention, a woman or girl who is pregnant represents a person who has conceived a pregnancy.

2. A girl is a female child under 18 years of age.

3. A newborn infant is defined as a person between birth and one month of age.

4. The word “Convention” throughout refers to a clinical human rights convention relevant to facility- based, outreach and family-community healthcare.

Article 2

1. Countries shall respect and ensure the rights set forth in this proposed Convention of each pregnant woman or girl within their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the woman or girl’s race, colour, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status.

2. Countries shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that the pregnant woman or girl is protected against all forms of discrimination, punishment or neglect on the basis of the status, activities, expressed opinions, or beliefs of the woman or girl’s husband, partner or parents, legal guardians, or family members.

3. In all actions concerning women or girls who are pregnant, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, the best interests of the pregnant woman or girl as well as her newborn infant or infants shall be the primary consideration.

4. Countries shall ensure the woman or girl who is pregnant receives protection and care as is necessary for her well-being, taking into account the duties of her husband, partner, parents, legal guardians, or other individuals legally responsible for her, and, to this end, shall take all appropriate legislative and administrative measures.

5. Countries shall ensure that the institutions, services and facilities responsible for the care or protection of pregnant women or girls and their newborn infants shall conform to the standards established by competent authorities, particularly in the areas of safety, quality of healthcare undertaken, and in the number and suitability of their healthcare staff.



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